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M&E, Assessment, Survey and Data collection

M & E:

Overall, you should also consider the M&E exercise as a way to make the activities of your NGO transparent and easy to account for. There is nothing worse for a donor than not being able to understand how an NGO is administering a given budget or implementing a project. Thus, everything you do – including difficulties you face and changes you made to overcome contingent problems – needs to be visible. Monitoring serves the purpose of making what you do visible in the sense that it provides tools and instruments to communicate with your donor and the wider public throughout the implementation of the project.

The core team of oSDLR is comprised of qualified and extensively experienced professionals in project designing, planning, management and implementation. The M&E section of the organization has technically sound members and they travel to all the project sites to carry out their monitoring activities. The Head Office of the organization is based in Kabul and is equipped with all the modern information technology facilities to maintain coordination with project staff in regional offices as well as keep a check on the project activities.


Organization for social development and legal rights (oSDLR) has been implemented several projects in this section, the organization has done two types of the monitoring as follow:

 Monitoring of outputs.

oSDLR has worked many projects to clearly elaborate on a methodology able to constantly monitor the development of the project so that the evaluation of partial and final outputs is consistent with the monitoring process.

  1. Monitoring of outcomes and impacts. 

We have done this type of monitoring for several donor funded projects in Afghanistan and have enough experience to assess the Outcomes and impacts which are difficult to assess. Whereas it is clear how to measure the success of an implemented project by stating that a certain goal was reached, to measure the impact of an activity in community dynamics is more challenging. Thus, find your way to monitor what happens ‘around the project’.


Development programs have to prove that they have had a strong and positive impact. Different types of evaluations are invaluable in showing the benefits of a program to backers, sponsors, and program beneficiaries.

In the past, measuring development programs involved pen-and-paper surveys and many people. This was inefficient, expensive and time consuming, and at times it resulted in inaccurate data. The results would often only be available after months.

Today, thanks to improvements in technology, monitoring and evaluation (M&E) has become digital. This has increased efficiency and accuracy while reducing costs, making it easier to conduct different types of evaluation at different stages of a program. Monitoring and evaluation personnel can now communicate the effectiveness of their program to partners, sponsors, program officers, and the community at large.

As per our last 15 years of experience we have implanted several evaluation projects for the deferent types of evaluation as follow:

  1. Formative Evaluation (also known as ‘evaluability assessment’)

Formative evaluation is used before program design or implementation. It generates data on the need for the program and develops the baseline for subsequent monitoring. It also identifies areas of improvement and can give insights on what the program’s priorities should be. This helps project managers determine their areas of concern and focus, and increases awareness of your program

  • Process Evaluation (also known as ‘program monitoring’)

Process evaluation occurs once program implementation has begun, and it measures how effective your program’s procedures are. The data it generates is useful in identifying inefficiencies and streamlining processes, and portrays the program’s status to external parties.

  • Outcome Evaluation (also known as ‘objective-based evaluation’)

Outcome evaluation is conventionally used during program implementation. It generates data on the program’s outcomes and to what degree those outcomes are attributable to the program itself. It is useful in measuring how effective your program has been and helps make it more effective in terms of delivering the intended benefits.

  • Economic Evaluation (also known as ‘cost analysis’, ‘cost-effectiveness evaluation’, ‘cost-benefit analysis’, and ‘cost-utility analysis’)

Economic evaluation is used during the program’s implementation and looks to measure the benefits of the programs against the costs. Doing so generates useful quantitative data that measures the efficiency of the program. This data is like an audit, and provides useful information to sponsors and backers who often want to see what benefits their money would bring to beneficiaries.

  • Impact Evaluation

Impact evaluation studies the entire program from beginning to end (or at whatever stage the program is at), and looks to quantify whether or not it has been successful. Focused on the long-term impact, impact evaluation is useful for measuring sustained changes brought about by the program or making policy changes or modifications to the program.

  • Summative Evaluation

Summative evaluation is conducted after the program’s completion or at the end of a program cycle. It generates data about how well the project delivered benefits to the target population. It is useful for program administrators to justify the project, show what they have achieved, and lobby for project

  • Goals-Based Evaluation (also known as ‘objectively set evaluation)

Goals-based evaluation is usually done towards the end of the program or at previously agreed-upon intervals. Development programs often set ‘SMART’ targets — Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Relevant, and Timely — and goals-based evaluation measures progress towards these targets. The evaluation is useful in presenting reports to program administrators and backers, as it provides them the information that was agreed upon at the start of the program.

Beside all the above our organization has been worked and has strong experience in inspection of the deferent types of the projects.


Survey is the strongest and large section of our organization by implementing small, medium and large scale of very important projects throughout the country.

Over a period of more than 15 years, oSDLR has developed a team of more than 3,000 enumerators, surveyors, master trainers, community mobilizers and field workers all over the Afghanistan and more than 600 of them are familiar with the deferent survey application. These staff members are always on standby for any immediate assignment in the most difficult and insecure areas of Afghanistan. This particular ability of the oSDLR staff has earned the organization a special reputation among the donor agencies.


Having huge experience in assessment our organization have done the need assessments, socioeconomic impact assessments, pre-project assessments, capacity assessments, post assessments ….

Data Collection:

The most important and challenging part for project planning, monitoring and evaluation is the date collection, our experience in this section is the best in the country in last 15 years by collecting the first hand accurate, real and transparent data from the field in very bad circumstances and bad security situation, we are famous for doing the challenging job in every part and location of the country in past years.